Language 151: A Primer and Extended Study into Language, and how others fall in line with ours.
Language as a whole is based around symbols and letters combined to form coherent speech. With so many backgrounds, cultures, and sorts of languages, there are many different to choose from. In this course's primer, we will study one of the most ancient and primal languages. One that descended from Titanic itself, Draconic.
Draconic is a very basic and guttural language, that is difficult for many Common and Orcish to speakers to grasp, due to the variations in pronunciation and conjugations. It is often spoken from the bottom of the throat to produce the necessary sounds. As some may notice, when one is about to speak Draconic, they will often see the speaker move their head back to position their throat to properly enunciate the nuances of the language.
As a basic start into the course, we will look into the alphabet that Draconic uses, and some of its grammatical laws.
A B Ch D Dsz E F G H I J K L M N O Qu R S Sz T U V W X Z
The "common-ized" form of the alphabet still holds some notable differences in pronunciation of the letters. When using traditional spellings, the pronunciation of specific letters are as follows:
S = Common Sh
J = Common Y
Sz = Common S
Ch = Pronounced as a sharp, "K-yuh"
Dsz = Common J/Short G, used in some loan words
Qu = Common K, used in some loanwords
P = Only ever occurs in loan words, and even then, most times replaced with a b
In the commonized form of the language, "K" is often pronounced somewhere in-between a "G" and "K," with aspiration being the main tell of correct pronunciation. Your vocal chords should vibrate as if pronouncing G, but also with little air leaving the mouth. For most purposes, however, it is left as a simple "K."
These pronunciation differences exist due to the language evolving from Titanic, just as the Vrykul language did. Because of this, Commonized Draconic pronunciation shares many traits that Commonized Vrykul does as well.
As a primal language and scripture, it has few grammatical laws, and some of them are quite loose compared to others. They are as follows:
I. Word order is less important, "Zekul rakkan sik?", and "Rakkan zekul sik?" both mean "Would you please?" "Letahl kulec sik?", and "Kulec letahl sik?" both mean "How are you?"
II. Direct addressing of another is always kept at the end of a sentence, unless more subject matters are addressed. Then, they are addressed as in order of importance. This, however, falls in line more with the ancient dialect of the language, and is used rarely in current times.
III. Word meanings are a little looser. Many are tied to a general meaning, and can be interpreted based on context. For example, while "Sik" means primarily means "you," it can also mean a subject not present, such as "they." That is because Sik translates literally to, "In reference to others."
IV. Dependent upon flight, words are conjugated different. After the Sundering, many flights spent a deal of seclusion to themselves, leading to seperate dialects forming. Due to this, Blue and Black dragons, who had the longest period of separation from other flights, differentiate the most from others. Most conjugations, however, are recognized by all, as the base word still holds its general meaning. For example, using "Bor," Blue dragons took some influence from their Vrykul neighbors, causing them to conjugate "Borje" as "Borjithil," just as Black dragons conjugate as "Borathim" instead.
V. Possession and possessives are indicated by adding "em," either at the end of the word that is being owned, or the end of the subject that owns it. For example, if speaking about a dragon's whelpling, we would say, "Sikem akol," meaning, "your whelpling." We could also say, "Sik akolem," meaning, "The whelping that is yours."
VI. Punctuation is unnecessary, and, when using a commonized form of the language, we simply refer to our own punctuation to be used as is fitting.
VII. In draconic, there are two words for most definitions. While "akol," as seen in a previous example, means "whelp," "buras" is a synonym for it, that also means "whelp," but is often used to refer to the offspring of any kind, and not strictly dragonkind. This, however, is because most words in draconic have a "Mirror Version." The Mirror Version is a word that means the same thing, but in a different connotation. Most of these words are similar. For example, while "rakk" and "raki" both roughly mean "please," "Rakk" is seen as a negative form. It is viewed as pitiful begging, and is seen as weak. "Raki," however, is seen as a plead in respectful and formal nature, and is what you would use when speaking to a friend or elder.